From Killing History: The False Left-Right Political Spectrum and the Battle between the ‘Free Left’ and the ‘Statist Left’, which has over 1,500 footnotes. Book is available at amzn.to/2m5L74l
Samuels has also authored “In Defense of Chaos: The Chaology of Politics, Economics, and Human Action.” L.K. Samuels’ website: www.lksamuels.com
Shocking revelations that L.K. Samuels discovered during his research on the political spectrum.
Fact Sheet 1:
- Hitler was briefly a red-armband-wearing communist in 1919, and later an avowed “Social Democrat.”
- Mussolini was a hard-core Marxist for two decades, and for six of those years was both an avowed Marxist and a Fascist.
- In 1919 Mussolini criticized Lenin for not being Marxist enough, writing that “he had not created a dictatorship of the proletariat or of the socialist party.”
- Joseph Goebbels declared: “Lenin is the greatest man, second only to Hitler, and that the difference between Communism and the Hitler faith is very slight.”
- Goebbels framed World War II in 1939 as a battle between capitalism and socialism, writing: “England is a capitalist democracy. Germany is a socialist people’s state,” and that “English capitalists want to destroy Hitlerism.”
- Trotsky not only said that “Mussolini was his best pupil”, but that Mussolini “was the only man who could have brought about the revolution of the proletariat in Italy.”
- In the 1919 Italian elections, Mussolini campaigned as the “Lenin of Italy” under the banner of his Fascist Revolutionary Party (PFR).
- In 1934, Mussolini boasted that “Three-fourths of the Italian economy, industrial and agricultural, is in the hands of the state,” the highest rate of state-owned enterprises in the entire world outside of the Soviet Union.
- Ever since the beginning of the socialist movement in the 1820s, almost every notable socialist was a virulent anti-Semite, condemning Jews as their primary capitalist-bourgeois enemy.
- According to many historians, especially Prof. Zeev Sternhell, Fascism was a “specific revision of Marxism.” Prof. A. James Gregor argues that fascism was a “variant of classical Marxism.”
- In his 1933 “Political and Social Doctrine of Fascism” Mussolini wrote that the future of his movement represented “a century of the Left, a century of Fascism.” https://docs.wixstatic.com/ugd/927b40_c1ee26114a4d480cb048f5f96a4cc68f.pdf
- The two political polar opposites are not Fascism and Communism, but the liberal capitalism of John Locke against the totalitarianism of Fascist-Marxist ideology.
- Both Hitler and Mussolini supported equality, “social justice”, and the labor movement. In a 1920 speech, Hitler declared that “lasting inner health” must be “built on internal social justice…”
Fact Sheet 2:
- Karl Marx believed in nationalistic socialism. He was a Pan-German who supported a unified German Empire. Considering Germans to be a superior race, Marx wrote in 1848: “The only possible solution which will preserve Germany’s honor and Germany’s interest is, we repeat, a war with Russia.”
- The Second International, an organization of European socialist and labor parties, dissolved in 1916, abandoned international socialism in favor of their countries’ nationalistic engagement in World War I. Nationalism was seen as a way to maintain a particular culture and language within a socialist framework.
- Mussolini was caught up in a rush to support nationalistic socialism. He wrote: “During my whole life I was an internationalist socialist. When the Great War broke out I saw that all our parties that were internationalists became nationalist socialists, that happened to me and that is fascism.”
- Trotsky equated Stalinism with fascism, declaring in 1936 that “Stalinism and fascism, in spite of a deep difference in social foundations, are symmetrical phenomena. In many of their features they show a deadly similarity.”
- Since the beginning of socialism in 1820, socialists have been the dominant force behind anti-Semitism. Socialists regard the Jewish people and their culture as the arch-enemies of the proletariat—which includes the bourgeoisie, middle class, capitalists, financiers, and bankers who engage in unearned income—usury. Marx condemned the Jewish religion as “Huckstering. What is his worldly God? Money… Money is the jealous God of Israel, in face of which no other God may exist.”
- Stalin became a Russian nationalist under his theory of “Socialism in One Country,” an approach that Hitler supported. This tribal-national movement away from internationalism led to National Communism and National Bolshevisms.
- National Socialist movement was very popular among German college students. In fact, university students were the first stratum in Germany to back the Nazis. National Socialist German Students’ League had “completely taken over student representation in Germany.” Opposing teachers were targeted, named, and endured public “shaming” by Nazi student organizations.
- Like father and son, Marx and Hitler were two social justice warriors, determined to weaponize intolerance, racism, and nationalism for what they called the greater good. In a metaphorical sense, Hitler could easily be regarded as the son of Marx.
Fact Sheet 3:
- Some Nazi leaders proposed a ban on trading of bonds and stocks, attributing international trade and security markets to “Jewish capital.” The Nazis closed many stock exchanges in Germany, reducing them “from twenty-one to nine in 1935.”
- Wary of the speculative nature of stocks, the Nazi regime limited the distribution of “dividends to 6 percent.”
- Nazi Germany defaulted unilaterally on its foreign debt in 1933, imposing full-fledged capital controls that resulted in a state monopoly on foreign exchange.
- The Nazis had the largest most advanced welfare state in the world, closely followed by Fascist Italy. The Nazis even had a single-payer healthcare system, operated by the government. In 1933, Hitler banned all private charity-welfare NGO organizations, instituting the National Socialist People’s Welfare (NSV).
- German farms were organized into cartels, which were regulated by a government body known as the Reichsnährstand (RNST). The Nazi state decided “everything from what seeds and fertilizers were used to how land was inherited.”
- The Nazis nationalized or created 500 state-owned companies by 1943.
- Albert Speer, Hitler’s Minister of Armaments and War Production, worried about a complete government takeover of the private sector in Germany, which would lead to “a kind of state socialism.”
- Hitler had talked about the nationalization and socialization every corporation, once grumbling to Albert Speer that these company owners “bring in high earnings without work. One of these days I’ll sweep away this outrage and nationalize all corporations.”
- In 1933, Hitler imposed price and wage controls, including rent control. In the 12 years of the Third Reich, very few new housing units or homes were built.
- Joseph Goebbels applauded the generosity of Hitler’s welfare state, boasting in a 1944 editorial, “Our Socialism,” that “We and we alone [the Nazis] have the best social welfare measures.”
- The German stock and bond market became the state’s piggy bank. Companies were routinely strong-armed and forced to make loans to the Third Reich. The Reich Association of German Industry refused to cooperate with the Nazis and were forcibly closed down.
Fact Sheet 4:
- A founding member of the Italian Communist Party, Nicola Bombacci, befriended and supported Mussolini. In 1945, just before Bombacci was executed alongside Mussolini, he shouted out “Long live Mussolini! Long live socialism!”
- Mussolini was a social justice warrior, declaring in 1945, “We are fighting to impose a higher social justice. The others are fighting to maintain the privileges of caste and class. We are proletarian nations that rise up against the plutocrats.”
- Hitler framed World War II as a capitalist versus socialist battle, declaring in 1941, “It is already war history how the German Armies defeated the legions of capitalism and plutocracy.”
- Mussolini wanted to rename his Fascist Revolution Party the Fascist Labor Party. He was a union man, who had organized strikes. He wrote: “As the past century was the century of capitalist power, the twentieth century is the century of power and glory of labour.”
- In a May 1, 1927, speech to 5,000 supporters, Hitler proclaimed “We are socialists, we are enemies of today’s capitalistic economic system for the exploitation of the economically weak, with its unfair salaries,…”
- In a 1932 interview, Mussolini admitted: “It was inevitable that I should become a Socialist ultra, a Blanquist, indeed a communist. I carried about a medallion with Marx’s head on it in my pocket.”
- Gregor and Otto Stresser, along with Goebbels, were later identified by historians as “National Bolsheviks,” the “Nazi left” for demanding in 1925 an “alliance with a truly national and socialist Russia.” In addition, Goebbels and Strasser favored workers’ strikes and the nationalization of most banks and industry.
- A phenomenon arose known as “Beefsteaks,” or “Beefsteak Nazis,” occurred throughout Germany, where the Nazis were seen as “brown on the outside and red on the inside. These party switchers occurred because communist and national socialist ideology and tactics were so similar. In Berlin, around “70 percent” of the fresh Stormtrooper (SA) recruits were former communists.
Fact Sheet 5:
- The Statist and Progressive Left, which includes the leaders of the Democratic Party, support socioeconomic policies that mirror the National Socialists of Germany and the Italian Fascists.
- The Democrat, slaveholder, and pro-socialist intellectual, George Fitzhugh, argued that “Slavery is a form, and the very best form, of socialism,” and declared in 1854 that “socialism is the new fashionable name of slavery.”
- Karl Marx advocated black slavery, writing in 1846: “Without slavery there would be no cotton, without cotton there would be no modern industry. It is slavery which has given value to the colonies.”
- The Democratic Party was founded on its moral justification of black slavery—called the “positive slavery” movement. The first Democrat Vice President John C. Calhoun, declared in 1837 that slavery is “instead of an evil, a good—a positive good.”
- The Democratic Party has the ugliest history of any American political party. They actively supported enslavement, lynching, segregation, racism, welfarism, proto-socialism, paternalism, and white supremacy before and after the American Civil War. Democrats founded the Kul Klux Klan, twice, founded the pro-slavery Confederacy and erected many Confederate statues.
- Many leaders of the Democratic Party are still tied to this slavocracy-socialist tradition as a means to steal wages and assets from the citizenry as well as undermine free speech, due process and the presumption of innocence. They still support a “thievocracy society” that was based on “white supremacy”, but eventually changed the verbiage to “state supremacy.”
- The Democratic Party and Progressives are rushing headfirst towards historical fascism, embracing not only socialist interventionist ideology and collectivist-based metaphysics, but the type of uncivility that has incited mob-like violence that harkens back to Nazi street firebrands.
- The French Revolution was instigated in 1789 by the classical liberals—the Girondin faction—who dissolved the last vestiges of aristocratic privilege, the system of church tithes, dues owed to local landlords, and personal servitude. The bourgeoisie “Free Left” ratified laws ensuring equal taxation, freedom of worship, and legal equality of punishment, abolishing serfdom outright. They emancipated Jews from unequal treatment, and granted people of color full citizenship.
Fact Sheet 6:
- Leading Democrats and the Progressive movement are no longer avid supporters of civil liberties, the free press and tolerance. They have disowned most of the original John Lockean liberalism.
- Stalin correctly identified the Social Democratic parties in Europe as “Social Fascists,” noting that “Social democracy is objectively the moderate wing of fascism… These organisations (i.e. Fascism and social democracy) are not antipodes, they are twins.”
- Hitler allied with the Communist Party of Germany in support of a workers’ wage dispute. The Nazis and communists marched side by side in a 1932 Berlin bus worker’s strike. They both ripped up tram lines, stood together, “shouted in unison,” and “rattled their collecting tins” for strike funds—the Revolutionary Trade Union Opposition (RGO) for the communists and National Socialist Factory Cell Organization (NSBO) for the Nazis.
- The communists, like the Nazis, banned all independent labor unions. Both outlawed independent labor unions and worker strikes. When the economy of Soviet Russia collapsed in 1921, almost all factories and mills closed, making Russia almost devoid of unions, no longer a worker state. According to Samuel Gompers, the few remaining Russian workers became “slaves,” working over 80 hours a week.
- With Lenin’s almost complete nationalization of the economy and the abolishment of capitalism by 1921, the Bolsheviks had effectively destroyed Russia’s industrial capacity and working class. Hitler feared the same catastrophic outcome if he implemented the 13th plank of his 25-point Nazi Program (to nationalize all corporations). He understood that without some remaining capitalist components in Germany, it would be impossible to avenge the injustices of France and England and their Treaty of Versailles.
- The statist Left and socialists not only stole the left-wing designation from the bourgeoisie Free Left, but they also absconded with their “revolutionary heritage”, according English historian William Doyle.
Fact Sheet 7:
- Hitler met with Amin al-Husseini on Nov. 28, 1941. In no time, al-Husseini produced a series of propaganda broadcasts from Berlin in an effort to “foment unrest, sabotage, and insurrection against the Allies.”
- Appointed to the position of Grand Mufti of Jerusalem in 1921, Amin al-Husseini was a Nazi collaborator and used his influence to turn Arabs against the Jews and Western Allies. In a Nazi-sponsored radio broadcast in 1944, he asked Arabs to “Kill the Jews wherever you find them.” In his supervision of pro-Nazi radio broadcasts out of Zeesen, Athens, and Rome, al-Husseini was considered more effective than any other Arab leader at “promoting hatred of the Jews among Muslims.”
- Some Nazi leaders, such as Heinrich Himmler, talked about the “ideology closeness” of National Socialism and Islam, coming up with the concept of Muselgermanen or “Muslimo-Germans.”
- By 1943, Amin al-Husseini helped to arrange the creation of the 13th Waffen-SS Mountain Division, mostly manned by Bosnian Muslims, to fight the Allies. Some 24,000 to 27,000 Arab recruits signed up to fight with the Nazis.
- Alfred Hugenberg (1865–1951), the main leader of the conservative German National People’s Party (DNVP), finally ended his short-lived coalition with Hitler’s Nazi party. Hugenberg concluded that the Nazis were the main enemy of Germany. By the fall of 1932, conservative leaders stated that they saw no difference between the “red Bolshevism” of the communist KPD and the “brown Bolshevism” of Hitler’s Nazi party. The Nazis retaliated by branding the conservatives as reactionary and bourgeois.
- A number of liberal political parties, the German People’s Party (DVP) and the German State Party (DSP) declared that the National Socialists represented “a party of the radical left.” One DVP publication denounced the socialist elements of the Nazis, warning: “Whether national or international, it is still socialism,… of the most radical type.” DVP and DSP leaders asserted that the Nazis “would make a more compatible ally of Communism,” rather than of liberal or conservative-based parties. These classical liberals’ parties warned that the Nazi deputies in the Reichstag were backing “the most incredible Communist-sponsored proposals.”
- Just before Hitler gained power, most Catholics saw Hitler as “the head of a ‘godless’, anti-Christian movement.”
Fact Sheet 8:
- President Woodrow Wilson, who is considered a Progressive and a key founder of “modern liberalism, was an outright racist, reactionary, segregationist, white supremacist, and anglophile who referred to blacks as “an ignorant and inferior race.”
- President Wilson glorified the activities of the Ku Klux Klan, writing that “The white men were roused by a mere instinct of self-preservation…until at last there had sprung into existence a great Ku Klux Klan, a veritable empire of the South, to protect the Southern country.” He told a delegation of black leaders that “Segregation is not humiliating, but a benefit, and ought to be so regarded…”
- Although President Wilson is still touted as the leading force behind left-wing progressivism and modern liberalism, his movement was never modern, liberal, or progressive.
- Like almost all socialists, the National Socialists upheld the principle of full employment as one of their key economic objectives under the advocacy of “right to work.” In 1932 Bernhard Köhler, the head of the Nazi Party Commission for Economic Policy, declared: “The National Socialist state will guarantee that every one of our people finds work.”
- On behalf of the Nazi Party, Feder, Gregor Strasser, and Wilhelm Frick introduced a bill in the Reichstag in 1931 to impose a ceiling of 4 percent on interest rates, to expropriate the holdings of “the bank and stock exchange magnates” and of all “Eastern Jews” without any compensation, and to nationalize all the big banks. Fearful that the bill’s Bolshevist approach would harm the Nazi Party’s image, Hitler ordered it to be pulled. After Hitler had the bill withdrawn, the Communist Party of Germany stepped forward and took the Nazi Party’s exact verbiage and reintroduced the bill, word for word.
- Hitler was recorded as saying on February 1, 1942, that “The only problem for the Social Democrats at the time was that they did not have a leader.” On the ideological level, Nazism could be easily identified as a militant Social Democratic movement.
- It can be argued that social democracy and the Marxist revisionist movement were the primary precursors to Italian Fascism and Nazism. Eduard Bernstein and social democrats not only broke with classical Marxism over revolutionary militarism, but signaled a much friendlier attitude towards capitalism, arguing that “capitalism was overcoming many of its weaknesses, such as unemployment, overproduction, and the inequitable distribution of wealth.” Mussolini urged parliament to formally recognize the USSR in a speech on November 20, 1923. On Feb. 7, 1924, the Italians did more than make overtones for closer ties with Lenin’s Russia; they actually signed their Italo-Soviet treaty to recognize the USSR. According to Stanley G. Payne, A History of Fascism 1914–1945, “Not only was Italy the first Western country to recognize the Soviet Union in 1924, but the new Soviet art first appeared in the West that year at the Venice Biennale, Italy’s premiere art show.”